– Fedders Lloyd blacklisted by World Bank By Vahnu ManickchandThe Specialty Hospital Project is once again placed on hold following the blacklisting of Fedders LloydAn artist’s impression of the Specialty Hospital Fedders Lloyd is proposed to buildCorporation Limited, the Indian-based company contracted to complete and equip the state-of-the-art medical facility.At the post-Cabinet briefing on Friday Minister of State Joseph Harmon disclosed that the construction company was barred from doing any World Bank-funded projects for the next four years and as such, the Government of India, which is funding the Specialty Hospital Project, has decided to cease doing business with Fedders Lloyd.This new position, according to Harmon, was communicated to Government by the Indian High Commission here via a letter dated June 2016.“(The letter said), among other things, the contractor Fedders Lloyd Corporation Limited was not eligible to continue the project because it was debarred or disbarred by the World Bank for projects until 2020 due to its procurement policy,” the Minister related.He further stated that the Indian government expressed preference for a fresh tendering process to be conducted to select a new Indian-base contractor to execute the project.However, Harmon pointed out that this new development has resulted in the project being once again put on hold to facilitate a new tendering process for a new contracting firm prepared to complete the project for the remaining US$13.8 million.“The tendering process, as we are aware, actually takes quite a while – several months it takes – to be completed and while this process is undertaken, the loan sum continues to be eroded by inflation, interests and fees,” the Minister of State outlined.He explained that in light of this development, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Finance and Public Health have been requested by Cabinet to make “certain enquiries” of the Indian Government before a definitive course of action is adopted by Guyana on the Specialty Hospital Project.Indian Government responseNevertheless, Indian High Commissioner to Guyana Venkatachalam Mahalingam subsequently told Guyana Times that his government is committed to working with Guyana to see the project come to fruition. He explained that the Indian government’s decision not to continue with Fedders Lloyd was as a result of the “blacklisting” status from the World Bank.“World Bank has blacklisted Fedders Lloyd from April 6, this year until 2020… so we are going by World Bank’s blacklisting which was based on certain procurement policy and therefore we also don’t want to work with Fedders Lloyd,” Mahalingam declared.On the other hand, when contacted, Public Health Minister Dr George Norton related that this hold-up in the project has delayed the process of Guyana benefiting from improved health services which the Specialty Hospital would be offering.Nevertheless, he noted that government will go ahead and commence the process for a new contractor in the near future.Asked whether government will appoint another contractor as it did in the case of Fedders Lloyd, as opposed to going to tender, Dr Norton said: “We will go over the entire process again, I don’t think there was a third person.”The Specialty Hospital Project was initiated by the previous People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) administration with the aim of catering for complicated surgeries, ranging from heart operations, organ transplants to cosmetic surgeries.With a US$18 million Line of Credit from the Indian Government, the contract was awarded to India-based Surendra Engineering, to design and the facility, a project that the then A Partnership for National Unity/Alliance For Change (APNU/AFC) Opposition had heavily criticised.ControversyHowever, citing instances of alleged fraud and delays, the Donald Ramotar Administration last year announced that it had terminated the contract of the India-based company and subsequently filed a lawsuit against the company for failing to honour its obligations. Guyana is yet to recover close to $1 billion from the company.After coming to power last year, the APNU/AFC administration scrapped the Specialty Project with the expectation of diverting the remaining US$13.8 million towards upgrading three primary healthcare facilities – the Bartica, Suddie and West Demerara Hospitals.But in November last year, government announced that it will go ahead with the Specialty Hospital Project and two weeks later, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Fedders Lloyd – one of the original bidders in 2012.Government explained that after examining the merits of the proposal, it began searching for a willing partner to complete the Specialty Hospital using the remaining US$14 million. Hence, without any tendering it approached Fedders Lloyd to complete the project.This caused much uproar and controversy after it was revealed that the Indian company was never the second best bidder in the tendering process back in 2012, as claimed by the APNU/AFC Government.The PPP/C opposition had stated that the company was disqualified because of certain inconsistencies in its submission to the local Tender Board, a report which government contended was a lie.Former Legal Affairs Minister Anil Nandlall had pointed out that the bid was never evaluated and therefore cannot be considered as the second ranked bidder.In this regard, he slammed the government for bypassing the transparent process to handpick a contracting company, which is known to have close ties with senior government official Public Security Minister Khemraj Ramjattan, to undertake the construction of the Specialty Hospital.
Backers of a proposed natural gas pipeline down the Mackenzie Valley in the Northwest Territories have received some good news. Imperial Oil has worked out a tentative deal on land access with the one remaining aboriginal stake holder not yet on board. The deal still has to be ratified by Dehcho First Nation communities, which cover about 40 per cent of the pipeline’s route, in the southwest corner of the terriroties. It would run approximately 1,200 kilometres, from the MacKenzie Delta, all the way to north-western Alberta. If approved the agreement would be a major step forward for the 16 million dollar project which has been mired in regulatory hearings for years. – Advertisement -However, a ratified deal still wouldn’t guarantee the First nation would join the consortium of aboriginal groups hoping to take one-third ownership in the project.
Positive response on Provincial Forestry Rejuvenation PlanPositive response on Provincial Forestry Rejuvenation Plan
FORT NELSON, B.C. — Northern Rockies Regional Municipality Community Development Officer Mike Gilbert has a message that will be going to Municipal Council later this week.He’s talking about last week’s meeting in Victoria with provincial officials on a proposal to re-establish a sustainable forest industry in the municipal district, eight years after the closure of the Canfor OSB and plywood mills in Fort Nelson.- Advertisement -However, on Wednesday, prior to public release, council is scheduled to receive and respond to the details of the discussions with the province, which focused on the proposed Forestry Rejuvenation Project, an initiative started in 2013.It has two core objectives and one is the need for the communities within the boundaries of the municipality to have a greater influence over the forest resource and related activities.The other is the need for NRRM, area First Nations, and the province to work in partnership to establish greater local influence over the forest resource sector.To assist with the development of the proposal, the municipal council commissioned the widely respected firm, WOOD MARKETS INTERNATIONAL, to provide a high level business case.Advertisement Under its guidance it was determined the region’s traditional forestry model was no longer viable. In an earlier interview, Jack Stevenson, the municipalities Director of Planning and Community Development talked about that.Also as reported earlier, the aforementioned 2008 mill closures occurred when the northeast B.C. oil and gas industry was on the upswing and it managed to absorb many of the job losses associated with the closures.Now however, it’s the oil and gas industry which is dealing with major job losses, and this new proposal amounts to a local government economic diversification response. The MD hoping a sustainable forest industry in the area, will result in the two industries supporting each other during economic slump periods.
Tearful Ronaldo sent off on Champions League debut for JuventusTearful Ronaldo sent off on Champions League debut for Juventus
The decision seemed harsh. Ronaldo was being tracked by Murillo in the penalty box and aimed a small kick at his opponent as they tussled.Murillo instantly fell to the ground and, after consulting his assistant on the goalline, Brych sent Ronaldo off.The striker dropped to the floor in disbelief and had tears in his eyes when he finally walked down the tunnel.Ronaldo will now miss Juventus’ next game in Group H, which is at home to Young Boys on October 2.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Ronaldo sent offVALENCIA, Spain, Sep 19 – Cristiano Ronaldo ended his Champions League debut for Juventus in tears after being sent off against Valencia on Wednesday.Ronaldo was shown a red card by German referee Felix Brych in the 29th minute at Estadio Mestalla after an altercation with Valencia defender Jeison Murillo.
INDEPENDENT EXPERTS WILL EXAMINE DEFECTIVE HOUSING BLOCKS ACROSS DONEGALINDEPENDENT EXPERTS WILL EXAMINE DEFECTIVE HOUSING BLOCKS ACROSS DONEGAL
An independent panel of experts will examine defective housing blocks across Donegal.A panel is to be set up to examine defective blocks used to build houses. FILE PIC.The blocks have led to huge cracks in houses across the county leading to many homeowners being forced to renovate their homes.Having attended a meeting with the MICA Action Group in Inishowen yesterday evening, Monday 13 July, Fine Gael Minister of State Joe McHugh said he is very happy to inform the MICA Action Group, and those affected by defective blocks, that the Minister for Housing, Planning and Construction, Paudie Coffey TD, will be establishing an independent panel of experts in order to address the defective blocks issue in Donegal. “I have worked closely with Minister Coffey and his officials within the Department on this issue, organising a meeting with the group and officials and following a request from the Minister, a report was drafted which included detailed research and testing provided by the MICA Action Group.“I called for this panel to be set up following a number of meetings I had with the Minister and following the report being drafted. The Minister will engage with his officials to review what the panel will look like, what the parameters will be, who will be best placed to participate on it, etc. I believe that once these discussions have taken place, we will have better sight of what the panel will look like and what its brief will be.“This is a very important and welcome step, in what has been a terribly difficult time for the families of those affected by these defective blocks. While there is still some way to go, the Government has acknowledged that there is a problem and that the first priority is the safety of those living in houses.“I also want to acknowledge Donegal County Council for confirming last week that these blocks are also present in a number of their housing stock. Instead of trying to avoid the problem, the only avenue available is to admit that there is a problem and then work together in finding a solution as swiftly and as wholly as possible.” INDEPENDENT EXPERTS WILL EXAMINE DEFECTIVE HOUSING BLOCKS ACROSS DONEGAL was last modified: July 14th, 2015 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:blocksBuildingdonegalhousesMICAMinister Joe McHugh
FINANCE COMMITTEE HEARS OF GOVERNMENT FAILURE ON MORTGAGES – DOHERTYFINANCE COMMITTEE HEARS OF GOVERNMENT FAILURE ON MORTGAGES – DOHERTY
Pearse Doherty TD has said hearings at the Finance Committee with groups working with those in mortgage debt have shown how the government has failed miserably to tackle the mortgage crisis in a fair way.Pearse Doherty TDThe Sinn Fein Spokesman on Finance said the Finance Committee heard in an unambiguous way that those working with people in mortgage distress are being failed by the government.Groups including the Irish Mortgage Holders’ Organisation, FLAC, New Beginnings, the Phoenix Project and MABS all highlighted the inefficiencies in the Government’s approach to dealing with the banks. “Effectively, the Government has let the banks off the leash.“The Government’s initiatives in revising the Code of Conduct on Mortgage Arrears and the deeply flawed Personal Insolvency Act were roundly criticised as favouring the banks over the borrowers.“Sinn Féin’s submission to the consultation on the revision of the Code of Conduct pointed out the proposals was unfair to borrowers and favoured the banks. Likewise our criticism of the Personal Insolvency Act has unfortunately proven to be accurate.“We showed that leaving the banks with the veto would render the Personal Insolvency Act useless to most people in mortgage distress. Today the groups who work with those in mortgage distress verified that this situation has now indeed come to pass.” The Donegal Deputy added that the meeting should dispel any doubts that the banks are still running rings around the government in this mortgage crisis.“This government has no plan and has actually aggravated the mortgage crisis through its actions. The extremely long waiting lists for Civil Legal Aid were also singled out for criticism as having a major impact on the ability of homeowners to fend off the banks and protect the Family Home“Next week the Committee will question the banks but after today’s meeting the real questions should be put to the government.” FINANCE COMMITTEE HEARS OF GOVERNMENT FAILURE ON MORTGAGES – DOHERTY was last modified: April 2nd, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Finance CommitteeGovernmentmortgagesPearse DohertySinn Fein
DD Motoring: Letterkenny to Tory Island in 22 hours!DD Motoring: Letterkenny to Tory Island in 22 hours!
Two Chinese tourists apologised for being lost in Letterkenny recently at Boyce’s corner.With more English than I had Chinese and the help of their phone, they tried to explain that they were trying to find the bus station.Simple I thought, as I pointed across the roundabout to the Bus Eireann station, sitting right behind them. Advertisement Then one of the two of them started waving their hands in protest: “No, no, no, bus Johnnie McGinley!”Then I pointed past a line of taxis to a single bus shelter along the side of the road, “JOHN… McGinley,” I suggested.They both smiled in agreement, but with a tinge of uncertainty.Byways of trying to reassure them that a bus would arrive at this lone bus stop, I asked them where were they heading to. Advertisement They searched on their phone and showed me Tory Island on a map.I was going to tell them that John McGinley could probably see Tory Island out the sitting room window of his own home in Magheroarty, near Gortahork, but thought that would confuse these tourists completely.After we departed their company, I thought on their journey from their home in China and how someone could come from the other side of the world, maybe by train, then by plane, and then bus to get as far as Letterkenny.So, in an effort to try and visualise their onward journey from Letterkenny to Tory Island, I decided to do what they had done and Googled their journey from Letterkenny to Tory Island.My first attempt returned a journey time of 19 hours and 19 minutes! That’s what Google figured it would take me to travel the last leg of the Chinese tourists’ journey in Donegal, which included four different transport services operators.They included the Letterkenny Town bus to get me as far as Mr Chippys, then advised me to take the John McGinley bus to Lough Altan Hotel in Gortahork before travelling on the Local Link Donegal to get me as far as Magheroarty.From there, Google told me to get aboard a Donegal Coastal Cruises ship for the final leg of the journey to Tory Island.In contrast to this, I Googled how long it would take for me to go from Letterkenny to Dublin and it came up with four hours and the only service provider for this journey was Bus Eireann, no mention of John McGinley bus, which could have taken these tourist straight to Gortahork and only a few miles up the road was Magheroarty where they could have got a ferry across to Tory. At 19 hrs and 19 minutes to complete the journey by bus, I decided to check the flight time was Ireland to China and found that could be achieved in as little as 12hrs and 36 minutes.The map by google from Letterkenny to Tory Island 22hrs and 24 minutes. Photo Brian McDaid.I know that the journey from Letterkenny to Magheroarty Pier will take you approximately one hour in your car and is just short of 30 miles in distance going over Muckish and even if you went around by Cresslough and Dunfanaghy it would only add less than half an hour to your journey and an extra 10 miles in distanceSo my question is this: Why does Google only know the likes of John McGinley is available for only part of the journey to Donegal?But is unaware of their existence in the part that Bus Eireann is operating in? Once Bus Eireann go to the furthest point in the North West of Ireland, Letterkenny, the service terminates the Galway express, terminate the service in Derry, and private bus services that transport the most passengers out and in of Donegal all year round is not recognised outside its county by an information giant like Google.Everyone knows that it would never take 22 hours to get from Letterkenny to Tory Island, no matter who was driving the bus, and at different times of the day and even longer journey via Dungloe to Tory Island can be achieved by Local Bus Donegal in under 12 hrs.But in my opinion, those times are still sending out the wrong messages for anyone that is thinking of visiting our county and it will surely put them off.On the run-up to the recent local election, calls were made by councillors for a proper bus hub to be created in Letterkenny to cater for all the buses from all the private operators that make their stop at Mr. Chippys in Letterkenny.A better option could be an online transport hub dedicated for Donegal to included all the bus services public and private sectors included would be of more benefit to both the tourists that are making the effort to come as far as Donegal.And it would also help the tourism industry in Donegal, which in my opinion is suffering badly these last few years.The chartered tours may well take a lot of this bother out of a holiday, but God knows how many other tourists are giving up as soon as they Google Donegal, which looks as if it has no transport service at all.But if all the operators were included in the one online transport hub made just for Donegal, it would surely improve our fading tourist trade.Happy Motoring folks.DD Motoring: Letterkenny to Tory Island in 22 hours! was last modified: July 11th, 2019 by Brian McDaidShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
3 March 2008South African state-owned electricity company Eskom has awarded Alstom and Hitachi Power Africa contracts worth more than R31-billion to equip a new 4 740-megawatt coal-fired power station – dubbed “Project Bravo” – to be built in the Witbank area of Mpumalanga province.French company Alstom has secured an estimated R13-billion contract to supply turbines and related infrastructure, while Hitachi Power Africa – a venture between Germany-based Hitachi Power Europe and South African empowerment partners – has won an R18.5-billion contract to provide boilers for the new power station.Both companies were awarded similar contracts in November 2007 for “Project Medupi”, another coal-fired power station being constructed in Lephalale in South Africa’s Limpopo province.French connectionParis-based Alstom signed a contract worth more than €1.3-billion (around R13-billion) to provide six 790-megawatt steam turbine and turbo-generator packages, six air-cooled condensers and auxiliary equipment, as well as all associated erection and commissioning services for Project Bravo.The contract with Alstom was signed on Friday during a business summit in Cape Town, attended by South African President Thabo Mbeki and his French counterpart, Nicolas Sarkozy.“Thanks to this contract, Alstom will again be able to make an important contribution to Eskom’s capital expansion programme to increase generation capacity,” Alstom executive vice-president Philippe Joubert said in a statement last week.“Our equipment is being used in about 80% of existing power stations in South Africa, providing us with crucial local experience.”As part of agreements signed during Sarkozy’s visit, a number of French engineers will come to South Africa to assist both the government and Eskom to deal better with the country’s energy shortage problems.Alstom has also won contracts to refurbish the 2 100-megawatt Arnot coal-fired power plant, adding an extra 300-megawatts to its power output by December 2010, as well as returning to service two mothballed plants, Grootvlei and Komati, which together will add an additional 2 161-megawatts to the grid by 2010.French-based Areva is also competing to build Eskom’s proposed nuclear power station, dubbed Nuclear 1, as well as a fleet of nuclear power stations which could eventually provide up to 20 000-megawatts of electricity to the national grid.Investment in education and skillsEngineering News reported last week that Eskom had awarded Hitachi Power Africa with a contract worth R18.5-billion to supply Project Bravo with boilers.“After the intense negotiations we are very proud to have been awarded the six utility steam generators for Bravo,” Hitachi Power Europe chief operating officer Klaus-Dieter Rennert told Engineering News, adding that the contract put the company in the position to increase employment opportunities and invest in education and skills development.Engineering News reported that more than 50% of the value of the contracts would be procured locally, creating thousands of jobs.SAinfo reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo material
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest In 2011, Ohio was home to 32 craft breweries.Now there are at least 220 Ohio breweries and many are looking for homegrown flavors for their key ingredients: barley and hops.Matt Cunningham of Marysville took notice of Ohio’s craft beer boom back in 2013.“We grow corn and soybeans and a little bit of wheat. I was looking to stay on the farm but do something else,” Cunningham said. “I saw all of these craft brewers popping up everywhere so I started growing hops.”Cunningham’s Union County Rustic Brew Farm started with 100 hops plants.“I wanted to start small to get my head wrapped around it. This is the third year and the first year for a full crop. We had a decent crop last year. I put telephone poles in the corner of a field. I think we have 12 poles. There is one wire across the top but every plant needs its own twine. I use baler twine for now. The plants wrap around it so tightly you just have to cut the line down,” he said. “The first challenge was that I couldn’t use any of our farm equipment for the hops. It is a lot of handwork — hand pruning, training on the twine so the bines can climb, hand spraying, and hand harvest. It is a lot of work.”There is equipment to ease some of the hand labor, but it is cost prohibitive for the small size of the operation.“Disease is a challenge with hops. If you don’t spray you will get disease. Some fungicides you have to spray as much as every 10 days. I use a wand to spray it now. The right way to do it is with an orchard sprayer — those air blast sprayers are the way to go,” he said. “They have harvesting machines that are $30,000 to $60,000. Some people cut the bines and take them to the harvesters. I pick by hand but to get any bigger I’d have to get a harvester or take the bines to one. It takes a person 30 minutes per bine to harvest and the harvester can do it in 30 seconds.”Harvest is typically in August and the hops are then sold soon after.“There are three ways to sell it. One is wet right of the bine that is about 70% moisture. It creates a logistical challenge for the brewery because it has to be in the brew kettle within 24 to 48 hours or it starts to mold but if they can do it right, it gives the beer a unique taste,” Cunningham said. “You can also air dry the cones down to 10% and sell the dry whole cone, but it is messy and the leaves fall off. The most common is dried and pelletized. That is how the commercial hops farms sell them. They store a lot longer that way. There are three pelletizing machines in the state. There are several farms that have been doing this for 10 years and they have the machines. I dry the hops here at the farm and take them to be pelletized at Mankato Farms in New Carlisle. This year, I do have some interest from a brewery in Powell to come pick them and take them wet. It is so time sensitive, though, that it can be hard to make that work.”He is hoping to expand the hops portion of the farm, possibly next summer, to around 1,000 plants, or about an acre. With his initial work with hops, he found out more about demand for barley in the brewing process.“One of the brewers I was working with said I should try barley. I started planting barley in a one-acre plot in the fall of 2014,” Cunningham said. “I thought you could just grow a special kind of barley and sell it right to brewers, but it has to be malted first or it is useless for brewers. Malting transforms the starches in the seed into sugars that the yeast will consume to make alcohol. I started looking at the malting process. It sounds simple. It is germinating it by getting it wet and then getting it dry. But it’s a lot more complicated than that. Consistency is the key, even within each kernel. You have to keep temperatures even so every kernel is the same. I have been doing it for a year and a half and I just feel like now I am starting to make decent malt. I learned a lot of things the hard way.”In Ohio, fall or spring barley can be grown, but Cunningham prefers fall planting.“With spring there are more disease issues. I planted some in the spring of 2015. I had a rough experience. For human consumption, the disease level has to be almost zero and I have had much better luck with the fall barley so far. It is pretty similar to wheat,” Cunningham said. “It goes in after beans. In the summer you can harvest it a little earlier than the spring barley. Fertility is similar to wheat but with less nitrogen. I use 90 pounds of N total for the whole crop — 20 of pounds MAP in the fall and 70 pounds of 28% in the spring. Fungicide is a big thing. Spraying with Prosaro is a must for getting the quality that you need.”Now he grows 50 acres of barley, planting two different varieties. Seeding rates and production are pretty similar to wheat. In 2016, Cunningham’s barley yielded around 65 or 70 bushels per acre and the Puffin he planted for 2017 harvest made 52, which was expected because it is a low yielder.“Yield is not the most important factor. Brewers want lower protein barley, which means they need less nitrogen than you would normally put on wheat. Protein is one of maybe 10 things you need for malting quality. You also need an above 95% germination rate,” Cunningham said. “Low vomitoxin is really important. For cattle, you can have 10 parts per million and for humans it needs to be 1 ppm legally and most malters want it less than that. They also want fairly consistent size. You cannot have much pre-harvest sprout, so it is like wheat but the quality standards are tougher. And, you can’t dry it with heat so I have to wait for it to dry in the field. Ideally I’d have a small bin with a huge aeration fan to harvest it a little wetter. I harvested at 12% this year, which is about right.”After harvest, samples of the barley are sent to multiple labs where they are tested for germination rate, vomitoxin levels, protein, plumpness, and water sensitivity. The tests from different labs are compared for accuracy. After two to three months, the barley is ready for malting.“Some varieties have dormancy that prevents them from sprouting in the field, which is nice, but then you can’t malt them until they break dormancy. Once it is ready, you bring it into the malt house,” Cunningham said. “Then we clean it and load it into the steep tank. We steep it for two to four days with alternating wet and dry cycles to bring the moisture up to 45%. Then it starts to chit or sprout. It converts the starch reserves in the seed to sugars. We let that process go as evenly as possible. Consistency is the key for good malt. You have to keep it wet and cool. It gives off its own heat. You have to mix it twice a day to maintain airflow and keep it from clumping up. My system mixes it twice a day by rotating it and it does better than I could do.“The germ process takes four to seven days. The acrospire growth needs to be the whole length of the seed and you need to check to see that most of the starch has been converted to sugar. You can’t let it go too long or it starts to use the sugars for growth. Then you have to stop the germ process so you dry it. I use high airflow and low heat. Once it gets dry enough you switch to more heat and less air. You can make all kinds of malt. How you dry it, what temperature and how long determine the color and flavor of the malt and eventually the beer.”Pale malt, for example, is dried slower and at a lower temperature. Darker malts require higher temperatures.“I have only done three types of malt — pilsner, pale and Vienna — but there are really infinite possibilities. I think it is extremely interesting how a slight change in the malt house can make a big difference in the malt. The details are really important. The malting process takes about 10 days,” he said. “Pilsner is the lightest and roasted is the darkest with a big color scale in between. There is scale from 1 to 500. My pilsner is a 1.7 color, which is pretty light, but that is what they want for that type of beer. The darker stuff takes more expense. From when I plant the barley to the time I sell the malt is around a year.”Cunningham started malting with a simple setup.“The first system I built was on a tight budget. It was very labor intensive and intimate, but it helped meThis malting facility features custom made equipment.get the kinks out of the system. It made some decent malt and some good beer. I know first hand,” Cunningham said with a smile. “The demand was such that I knew that this could grow into something big. The brewers wanted more. I decided to instead of doing it as a hobby to do it more as a profession. I went out and got a loan and built a bigger system that has about eight times the output of the old system. It will be more product and a better quality product.”Cunningham researched larger malting systems and drew up a sketch of what he wanted and gave it to BCast Stainless Products in Plain City and they built a prototype for him. The production system is inspected and overseen by the Ohio Department of Agriculture.“My stuff is local and fresh. I put the kiln date on my bags so they know how fresh it is. Brewers all want local stuff, but it also has to be quality. It has been a learning process and now I have the quality they are used to so they don’t have to sacrifice quality by being local,” Cunningham said. “Mine, for simplicity, is all in one vessel so there is less handling but also less flexibility. Transferring wet barley is tough because it is heavy but you have to be gentle. I was hauling it between two vessels in five gallon buckets with my first system. I am glad those days are done.”Interest in Ohio malting is growing quickly, but there are currently only two or three malting houses in Ohio. “The other malters and I together at full capacity can only satisfy half of a percent of the Ohio demand,” Cunningham said. “There are starting to be more farmers contracting with malt houses to sell their barley, but there are not many people who grow it and make the malt.”There is certainly potential for profitability in malted barley, but there is also significant risk.“The secondary market for barley is non-existent in Ohio. If it doesn’t meet malt quality, what do you do with it? There is nowhere to get rid of it,” Cunningham said. “It is either all or nothing. If a farmer is just selling barley to a malt house it is slightly more profitable than corn and soybeans. The malting is profitable but it is a challenge.”Hops and malt production capitalize on Ohio’s brewery boom.Beyond the potential for profits, barley malting (and the hops) provides a nice way for Cunningham to connect what happens on his farm with a high quality end product.“I am still very far in the red right now but it is going well. I am getting quality products and the interest is there. The people I am working with are great. They know I am trying something new and they are willing to work with me. I think this can turn into something pretty good,” he said. “With corn and soybeans, you go to the elevator, open the door and you never see it again. This has its challenges, but at the end I hand deliver it to a brewer and a month later, I go back and taste the actual barley I grew and malted on my farm in a glass with my friends. The devil is in the details. They have been malting barley for a long time, and it is very simple to make malt but to make consistent malt is something different. It is simple, but it is very complicated.”
SOA: Governance needs drive renewed interest in UDDISOA: Governance needs drive renewed interest in UDDI
Universal Description, Discovery and Integration (UDDI) has been a long-ignored component of the SOA framework. It is an open industry initiative that has been approved as an OASIS standard to allow the registration and discovery of web services. The current specification is at version 3.UDDI spans the SOA stack as shown in this diagram:As a Web Services registry, UDDI provides metadata about and describtions of interfaces for interacting with Web Services. The metadata could include, for example, a description of the business logic encapsulated in the service, the name of the publisher, version information, and a technical description about the use of the API.The first generation of SOA implementations have tended to be fairly self contained. SOA implementors have generally been well aware of which services exist in their organization and knew how to get documentation for how to access those services. There weren’t enough services to warrant the need for a directory.But as the number of services developed internally and introduced from vendor applications increase, governance become more important. Governance provides better understanding and controls to helping organizations bring order to their SOA environments.Anne Thomas Manes of Burton Group in an interview (and here) comments that UDDI is seeing more traction. She notes that there are competing technologies to UDDI, like IBM’s WebSphere Registry and Repository and ebXML. But IBM’s registry product isn’t compatible with UDDI, isolating them from interoperability with most of the market which is using UDDI. As an alternative to UDDI, ebXML has had a much lower profile, but it has been garnering some success.Among UDDI vendors, HP is dominant from its acquisition of Mercury/Systinet. Oracle and Tibco are both using Systinet. The next runner up is webMethods which is competing with technology that they acquired from Infravio. At this time, neither Microsoft nor SAP have SOA governance products, but that is likely to change.